10 Different Insulation Types: An In-Depth Guide

Home insulation types: Photo of person linstalling insulation in an attic.

Different insulation types keep the cold out and the warmth in. Home insulation can also help to reduce the cost of your heating and electric bills.

The right kind of insulation can save you time and money. The health of your family is essential. A well-insulated home is a healthy home.

Let’s take a look at ten different types of home insulation.

5 Unique Insulation Types for Your Home

House Logic lists the various insulation types that could work well in your home:

1. Fiberglass Batts and Blankets

blankets home insulation types

This type of insulation is widely available and popular. Installing this type of insulation is easy. However, it’ll be itchy to install, so you’ll need protective clothing.

2. Rockwool Batts and Blankets

Rockwool Batts and Blankets insulation types

This type of insulation is more fire-resistant than its fiberglass counterpart. It also doesn’t itch, and fits well against studs, making installation easy. However, it’s not as popular as fiberglass so can be hard to find. It also absorbs moisture and can get damp easily.

3. Cotton Batts

Cotton Batts insulation types

This type of insulation is another excellent non-itchy option. It’s also easy to cut and fit around piping. However, like Rockwool batts, it’s not as common, so can be hard to find. It’s also more expensive than other commercial insulation like fiberglass.

4. Loose-Fill Insulation


Loose-Fill Insulation types

This type of insulation is bought broken down. It consists of fluffy strands of fiber. Typically, a machine is used to blow this material into walls and attics. It will fill empty spaces, insulating cold parts of your home.

5. Loose-Fill Fiberglass

fiberglass home insulation types

This kind of insulation is lightweight, making it easy to transfer to all sorts of nooks and crannies. However, because it is so fluffy, it’s hard to create a dense layer. It often needs to be installed with another type of insulation.

5 Practical Forms of Home Insulation Types

Let’s take a look at five more insulation types that can be used in your home:

1. Loose-Fill Cellulose

Loose-Fill Cellulose insulation types

This type of insulation can be used in all temperaments and locations. It does well in warmer climates, and even better in the cold. In fact, it can also become a better insulator when the temperature gets colder. However, it’s often too heavy for attics.

2. Structural Insulated Panels

Structural Insulated Panels insulation types

This type of insulation is superior when it comes to the energy it saves. However, because of this great feature, it’s also one of the more expensive insulations, too.

3. Spray Foam

Spray Foam insulation types

Spray foam is a type of insulation that costs more than your average commercial batt foam. However, it has additional features. These including forming an air barrier, which can help to prevent caulking.

4. Open-Cell Spray Foam

Open-Cell Spray Foam insulation types

This insulation type stops the movement of air, making it useful insulation. However, because it still allows water through, it typically needs to be installed with a protective layer for moisture.

5. Closed-Cell Spray Foam

Closed-Cell Spray Foam insulation types

This alternative to open-cell foam insulation stops both moisture and air from filtering through. However, it is also relatively expensive. It also requires a professional to install it correctly.

Things to Remember when Insulating Your Home

Now that we’ve looked at ten great options when choosing insulation for your home let’s run through a few things to remember when buying and installing insulation.

Right Tools

Do It Yourself says that it’s important to have the right tools for the job. Thankfully, the types of tools you need are inexpensive and readily available at your local hardware store.

These include a putty and utility knife, a tape measure, straightedge, and staple gun.

When installing insulation in your home, it’s vital to understand batt measurements correctly. This way, you’ll fit them correctly and have complete insulation of your house.


Knowing the ‘R-value’ of your home is essential. This will determine how thick or thin your insulation needs to be.

When fitting your insulation, it needs to be snug. However, you don’t want it to be so tight that it can’t do the job properly. It will lose its ability to insulate if it’s been jammed between studs too tightly. Make sure you take correct measurements and know precisely how compact your insulation needs to be.

When installing insulation, you need to accommodate for cables and piping. With bigger pipes, it’s recommended that you insulate them, too. Allow for wires to continue running through the wall.

Installing Blown-In Insulation

Here’s a video from YouTube on how to install blown-in insulation.

Buying and Installing Home Insulation

Having a warm, cozy house is essential for a healthy, happy home. If you’ve got young children, you’ll want to make sure that they are living in a well-insulated house that isn’t damp.

Winter can bring condensation. If your house is insulated against this, you can rest easy knowing that you won’t have to wipe it off the windows regularly.

You can also keep your monthly living costs down by installing the right insulation.


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